Floor Plans - Types, Symbols & Examples (2024)

Everything you need to know about floor plans. From different types and how to create one, to useful floor plan symbols and examples.

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What Is a Floor Plan?

A floor plan is a type of drawing that shows you the layout of a home or property from above. Floor plans typically illustrate the location of walls, windows, doors, and stairs, as well as fixed installations such as bathroom fixtures, kitchen cabinetry, and appliances. Floor plans are usually drawn to scale and will indicate room types, room sizes, and wall lengths. They may also show furniture layouts and include outdoor areas.

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Why Are Floor Plans Important?

According to research by Zillow, 81% of home buyers say they are more likely to view a home if the listing includes a floor plan they like.

Floor plans are an essential part of real estate marketing, as well as home building, interior design, and architecture projects.

Floor plans show the relationship between rooms and spaces, furniture layout, and communicate how one can move through a property.

Types of Floor Plans

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2D Floor Plans

A 2D floor plan is a type of diagram that shows the layout of a space from above including the walls and rooms. 2D means that the floor plan is a “flat” drawing, without perspective or depth. A 2D floor plan can be a sketch, a blueprint, or computer drawing.

Explore 2D Floor Plans

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3D Floor Plans

A 3D floor plan is a type of diagram that shows the layout of a home or property in 3D. 3D means that the floor plan shows both perspective and height. Unlike a 2D floor plan, a 3D floor plan has more details and makes it easier to understand the space.

Explore 3D Floor Plans

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Live 3D Floor Plans

Bring your floor plans and home designs to life with Live 3D! Tour the property in a virtual 3D walkthrough.

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"RoomSketcher is an easy-to-use tool to create fast visualizable floor plans for remodeling or a New Build from scratch."

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Floor Plans for Real Estate

Use professional 2D and 3D Floor Plans for your property listings. Great for marketing real estate!

Real Estate Floor Plans

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Floor Plans for Interior Design

Illustrate the interior with a furniture layout plan, so you know exactly what should go where.

Interior Design Software

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Floor Plans for Office Planning

Plan where the employees should sit, cubicles or open seating, and where the reception desk should go.

Explore Office Design

How to Create Floor Plans

There are two easy ways to create floor plans. Either use a DIY floor plan software or order floor plans from a redraw service.

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Draw Yourself With a Floor Plan Creator

You can easily draw floor plans yourself using a floor plan software. Even non-professionals can create high-quality floor plans. Often, all you need to do is invest 10 minutes of your time in learning the software, and then you will be drawing floor plans in no time.

Floor Plan Software

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Order From a Redraw Service

If you have an existing blueprint or sketch of the home, you can use a redraw service to get a professional floor plan. Just send in the sketch, and the floor plan will be ready the next business day. The best services offer a solution where you can easily edit the final plan as well.

Order Floor Plans

How to Read Floor Plan Symbols

Here are some common symbols you will find on a floor plan:


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Doors are represented with a curved line showing which way the door swings.


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Windows are indicated on floor plans as a double-lined gap.


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Stairs have an arrow pointing to the highest point of the stair.


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The compass symbol quickly shows you which direction North is.


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Furniture symbols will resemble the furniture they are representing - this one is a sofa with a coffee table.


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Multiple kitchen appliances to indicate freezer, the cooking stove, refrigerator, and dishwasher.

Floor Plan Examples & Templates

House Plans

Browse layouts

Apartment Plans

Browse layouts

Site Plans

Browse layouts

Office Plans

Browse layouts

Bathroom Plans

Browse layouts

Kitchen Plans

Browse layouts

More Floor Plan Solutions

Floor Plan Software

Site Plan Software

Home Design Software

Kitchen Planner Software

Office Design Software

Bathroom Planner

Room Planner

Gym Layout Planner

Real Estate Floor Plans

Blueprint Maker

Floor Plan Templates

HVAC Drawing Software

Home Remodeling Software

Landscape Design Software

Event Floor Plan Software

Electrical Drawing Software

Restaurant Floor Plan Maker

Space Planning Software

Drafting Software

Building Plan Software

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Floor Plans - Types, Symbols & Examples (2024)


What are symbols on the floor plan? ›

What Are Floor Plan Symbols? Floor plan symbols represent the size and location of structural elements like walls, doors, windows, and stairs, as well as mechanical elements like plumbing and HVAC systems.

What are the different types of floor plans? ›

There are two main types of floor plans, 2D and 3D floor plans. A 2D floor plan can be a sketch or a computer drawing. 2D means that a house plan is “flat”, there are only 2 dimensions, length and width. On the other hand, a 3D floor plan is a diagram that provides you with a detailed illustration of a home layout.

Which form of symbols should be on the same scale as the floor plan? ›

Architectural symbols and scale

This means that the plans are drawn “to scale.” Every symbol on the legend is drawn to the same scale as the rest of the floor plan.

What does F mean on a floor plan? ›

F or FURN – Furnace. FPL – Fireplace. KIT – Kitchen. KS – Knee Space. LN – Linen Closet.

What are design symbols? ›

A symbol is a visual stand-in for a word, idea, concept or even a sound. Brands use symbols to become more recognisable to consumers and to express features or values in a way that is easy to understand. While symbols are intuitive and simple, coming up with a new symbol design is harder than it looks.

What are architectural symbols? ›

Architectural symbols are abbreviations that make architectural drawings easier to read and navigate. Architectural symbols can be a mark, letter, or character that represents an object, an idea, or a process.

What are the 3 types of floor plan? ›

The most common types of floor plans are:
  • One-story floor plan: A one-story floor plan is a great option for those who want everything on one level. ...
  • Two-story floor plan: The two-story floor plan is ideal for families who want plenty of space. ...
  • Split-level floor plan:
Aug 4, 2022

What is the most common type of floor plan? ›

Standard Floor Plans

The most common type of floor plan is the Standard Floor Plan. These images are a basic sketch of the home in black and white (or taupe colourization) displaying the outline of walls, doors, windows, and stairs.

What is a basic floor plan? ›

A floor plan is a scaled diagram of a room or building viewed from above. The floor plan may depict an entire building, one floor of a building, or a single room. It may also include measurements, furniture, appliances, or anything else necessary to the purpose of the plan.

What does P mean on a floor plan? ›

Commonly Used Abbreviations

W/D – Washer and Dryer (if shown together as with the floor plan above, that indicated the appliances are stacked) P. – Pantry. STOR. – Storage area.

What are three most common symbols found on a blueprint? ›

Reading blueprint symbols
Blueprint symbolsMeaning
Center linesUsed to indicate the central axis of a building element.
Dimension linesShows the distance between two points on the blueprint.
Extension linesPaired with dimension lines to show the limit of the building element's dimensions.
6 more rows
Jan 8, 2021

What does M mean on a floor plan? ›

Single door. A single-hinged door is represented by a straight line that runs perpendicular to the wall and a curved line to indicate which way it opens. Double door. The double door symbol looks like the letter “M,” made from two curved lines that join in the center.

What does C mean in floor plan? ›

Your floor plans will measure items in both millimetres and brick courses (this gets abbreviated to “c”). One brick course is 86mm as it includes both a standard 76mm brick and 10mm of mortar.

What does DB mean on a floor plan? ›

What Does DB Mean in a Floor Plan? DB stands for distribution board, which, in other words, refers to your electrical switchboard. This helps you identify where major electrical points in your home are stored.

What does DN mean on floor plan? ›

DN. – Used on stairs, indicating the stairway down.

What are symbols in construction drawings? ›

Building material symbols are used in construction drawings to show the finish material for a project, such as a floor or wall. Symbols are also used to show the internal material of construction systems and are used in detail drawings to show the make-up of walls, floors, and ceilings.

What is a symbol in construction? ›

1 Types of symbols

Symbols are graphical representations of objects, features, or actions that are used to communicate information quickly and effectively. Different types of symbols are used in construction drawings, depending on the purpose and scope of the drawing.

Why are symbols used on drawings and plans? ›

Material symbols are used to represent materials or contents on floor plans, elevations, and detail drawings. Different symbols may be used to represent the same item on these drawings. The outline of the drawing may be filled in with a material symbol to show what the object is made of.

What is the purpose of symbols used in plans and drawings? ›

Firstly, symbols in architectural drawings indicate what and where things need to be built and installed. For example, by identifying the shape of a door symbol, we can easily understand its type (e.g. single-hinged, double-swing, or sliding door).


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